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Do you have a toothache and are considering taking antibiotics? It’s not an uncommon thought process – after all, it’s natural to think that prescription medication is the best way to address your pain. But before you take any steps in this direction, it’s important to understand if antibiotics for toothache are the right choice. This blog will explore what a toothache is, when antibiotics can be used as treatment, any risks they might involve, and all of your other available dental options. So read on if you’d like to learn more about how antibiotics play into treating a dental issue such as toothache! 


What is a Toothache, and When Are Antibiotics Used to Treat It?

A toothache is a pain that is felt in or around a tooth. The pain can be severe or light, and it can be constant or intermittent. Severe pain can occur while eating hot or cold foods. Various factors, such as gum disease, tooth decay, trauma, or bacterial infections, can cause toothaches. A toothache can also be a symptom of a more serious condition, such as a dental abscess, sinus, or tooth infection. 


When Are Antibiotics Used to Treat a Toothache?

when should use antibiotics hurting teeth adelaideAntibiotics are medications that are used as a treatment for bacterial tooth infections. In some situations, a toothache may be caused by a bacterial tooth infection. Suppose your dentist determines that a tooth infection, such as a bacterial infection, causes toothache. In that case, they may prescribe antibiotics to help eliminate the infection and relieve pain. Antibiotics for teeth can also be prescribed if there is a risk of the tooth infection spreading or if the infection is severe.

It is essential to note that antibiotics are not always necessary to treat toothache and dental infections. If the toothache is a periapical-related dental pain or due to gum disease, antibiotics may not be the right treatment for the infected tooth. Other treatments, such as a root canal treatment or tooth extraction, may be recommended when the tooth infection is not severe. 


What Antibiotics Are Used to Treat a Toothache?

When you think of antibiotics for teeth, you probably think of one specific type. Still, several different types of antibiotics can be used to treat toothaches and tooth infections.

The two most commonly prescribed antibiotics for tooth infections are amoxicillin and clindamycin. Amoxicillin is a penicillin-type antibiotic that ceases the bacteria from producing cell walls, preventing the bacteria from growing and multiplying. Clindamycin works by inhibiting the protein synthesis in the bacteria, which prevents replicating and spreading.

Although antibiotics can effectively treat dental infections, they may not be necessary in all cases. If a cavity causes dental pain, your dentist may recommend filling the cavity or performing a root canal instead of prescribing antibiotics. Additionally, antibiotic treatment should never be used as a first line of dental treatment. Your dental consultant will likely want to see you and diagnose the issue before prescribing any medication.

It’s important to remember that antibiotics are not a cure-all for toothaches and dental infections. They will only help alleviate the symptoms and not treat a toothache’s basal cause. Also, antibiotics can have side effects, so following your dentist’s instructions is important when taking them. Stop taking the medication and contact your dentist immediately if you have severe side effects. 



Risks of Taking Antibiotics for Toothache

In this section, we’ll explore the risks of taking antibiotics for toothaches and the alternative options available to you. 


Antibiotics Can Be Ineffective

Antibiotics aren’t always effective against toothaches; they may only provide temporary relief at best. If cavities or painful infections cause dental pain, antibiotics won’t address the underlying problem. Instead, you may need a dental procedure to fix and alleviate the pain. 


Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic resistance is a growing health concern. When antibiotics are overprescribed or taken unnecessarily, bacteria can develop resistance, which makes it harder to treat infections in the future. You may be contributing to developing antibiotic-resistant bacteria by taking antibiotics for toothache. 


Allergic Reactions

Like any medication, antibiotics can cause allergic reactions in some people. Symptoms of an allergic reaction to antibiotics can range from mild (hives, rash) to severe (anaphylaxis). If you’re allergic to a particular antibiotic class, taking it for a toothache can have serious consequences. 


Disrupts Gut Microbiome

Antibiotics don’t just attack the bacteria causing your toothache; they also attack the beneficial bacteria in your gut. This can disrupt your gut microbiome, leading to issues like diarrhoea, yeast infections, and even changes in your mental health. 


alternatives medicine treatment tooth pain adelaideOverprescribing Antibiotics

Overprescribing antibiotics is a real problem, and it’s not just limited to toothaches.

Antibiotics are frequently prescribed for viral infections like the common cold, which is ineffective and contributes to antibiotic resistance.

It’s important only to take antibiotics when prescribed by a dental professional and for a bacterial infection. 


Alternatives to Taking Antibiotics for Toothache

This section will go through different natural remedies for pain relief without resorting to antibiotics.

Oil Pulling 

Oil pulling is an ancient process that can help provide toothache relief. It involves swishing some oil in your mouth for a few seconds to help reduce inflammation and bacteria. Coconut oil is mainly used for oil pulling because it has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. 


Clove Oil 

Clove oil is another remedy that can help relieve tooth pain. It has a compound called eugenol, which has natural pain-relieving properties. Simply dabbing a small amount of clove oil on a cotton swab or cloth and applying it to the affected tooth can help relieve the pain. Be careful not to overuse this remedy as it can irritate and burn if used excessively. 


Salt Water Rinse 

Saltwater is an organic antiseptic that can help reduce inflammation and pain. It can also help destroy mouth bacteria, making it a great remedy for toothaches. Mix some salt in warm water and rinse your mouth repeatedly for a few minutes. 


teeth discomfort antibiotic risks adelaideGarlic 

Garlic has natural antibacterial and antifungal properties, making it a useful remedy for toothaches. You can crush a garlic clove to extract its juice and use it as a mouthwash or even apply it to the affected tooth. It may have a strong and pungent smell, but it can effectively relieve tooth pain. 



Acupuncture can help relieve tooth pain by stimulating specific acupuncture points corresponding to different body areas. It can help improve blood flow, reduce inflammation, and relieve pain. It’s important to consult a qualified acupuncturist before an acupuncture procedure to ensure it is safe and suitable for your condition. 



All in all, antibiotics can be helpful for patients with severe toothaches, swollen cheeks and redness, but prevention is always the best approach. By being proactive about our oral hygiene practices at an early age, we can help ensure we avoid ending up in situations where severe treatment, like antibiotics, is necessary. If your toothache or dental infection becomes unbearable, though, please don’t hesitate to contact us at (08) 7078 8263 so we can discuss possible treatments and get you on the path to relieving that pain. We appreciate your time reading this blog post and hope it has provided some guidance if you are ever faced with a dental-related issue like a toothache. 




What are the best antibiotics for a tooth infection?

Antibiotics for tooth infection: Uses, types & side effects

Antibiotics for Tooth Infection & Abscess: Effectiveness & Timing 



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